Looks like it’s game over for cash rebates and the last surviving refuges where small passive investors are spared the pain of significant platform charges.
New rules from The Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) will abolish commission-based payments for DIY platforms, bringing them into line with the RDR revolution that hit financial advisors on the eve of 2013.
It’s a massive shake-up for the industry that will force many investors to rethink their choice of funds and brokers.
We’re in for a prolonged buffeting from the bow waves of change as a result, so here’s Monevator’s navigational guidance:
- Cash rebates are banned from April 6, 20142.
- Platform services must be paid for by a platform charge that the investor explicitly agrees to.
- Unit rebates are allowed. In other words, platforms may negotiate special offers with fund managers that are passed on to investors as extra shares.
- Critically, the unit bonus must be passed on in full rather than siphoned off in part by the platform.
- 6 April 2016 – the date ‘legacy’ funds bought before April 6 2014 will have to cease their surreptitious commission paying. All funds will be converted to clean class by then.
Why it’s good
Platforms will no longer be allowed to present themselves as ‘free’, while actually carving out a living from the inflated annual management charges (AMCs) that most investors think go to fund managers.
The idea is that investors will know exactly what they’re paying in fees and that will incentivise platforms to become more competitive.
Fund groups like Vanguard, that refused to pay commission, will become more widely available and put greater cost pressure on the rest of the fund industry.
Fund groups won’t be able to use fat fees to push for undue prominence on platforms, supposedly. They’ll probably buy adverts instead.
The FCA has warned the platforms and the fund groups that it’s got its beady eye on them and won’t put up with any naughties.
Why it’s bad
The financial industry is abuzz with theories on how platforms might circumvent the rules. No-one really believes this is ‘over’.
Small passive investors will pay more for platform services. The old regime took 0.1% in platform charges from an HSBC retail index fund. Now the cheapest clean class platform fee is 0.25%.
Unit rebates (along with cash rebates) are now subject to income tax (outside of an ISA or SIPP). They are on the way out like a football manager after a bad run, which is likely to lead to…
Super clean share classes – Certain platforms are already browbeating fund managers to offer them cheaper versions of clean funds.
In other words, Platform A stocks Fund X with an OCF of 0.75%, but Platform B uses its market muscle to get the same fund for 0.65%.
If you’ve ever stared at MorningStar late at night trying to work out the difference between the F, R and I versions of a fund (what, just me?) then you may well fear supping from the alphabet soup that many in the industry are predicting.
On the other hand, if platforms are able to force down fund prices then investors benefit. I have a feeling that they won’t be scrapping over the lean index fund pickings, anyway.
You have just under a year to choose your new investment home – unless you’re lucky enough to be with a super-competitive broker already.
We’ll keep our broker comparison table updated to help you make an informed choice in the months ahead.
Right now, the market approach to platform fees for clean class funds is split in two:
Percentage based fees – The best approach for small investors. Charles Stanley Direct and TD Direct charge along these lines.
Flat-rate fees – Fixed charges (say £60) that put a sizable dent in a small portfolio will barely scratch larger pots. You’ll normally pay an annual fee and then extra to trade on top. See Alliance Trust, Sippdeal, Interactive Investor, Best Invest, and The Share Centre.3
To calculate whether you’re best off with flat rate or percentage-based fees:
Estimate the best annual flat-rate platform charge you can get including trading fees. Divide that number by the best rival percentage charge.
£60 / 0.0025 (or 0.25%) = £24,000
That number is the breakeven point. At that point, a portfolio worth £24,000 will pay the same platform fee (£60) regardless of whether your broker charges a flat rate or a percentage.
If you’re well under that figure and will remain so for years then go for the percentage based platform.
The example assumes you can buy an identical portfolio of funds at either broker. If not, then our article on clean class funds will help you factor in fund OCF differences.
Most brokers have yet to wean themselves off the commission sugar. There will be a flurry of activity in the next six months as they work out a platform charge fit for the new paradigm.
I believe the majority of investors will be better off sitting tight and waiting for the shake down. Moving your portfolio can be a costly business, so it’s best to do it only the once.
Until April 2016, if you’re sitting on a heap of old-style funds then you will only incur a platform charge on the portion of funds that are sold or ‘changed’ after April 6 2014.
Change does not include:
- Reinvesting dividends.
- Automatic rebalancing.
- Regular contributions set up before 6 April 2014.
Change does include:
- Increasing your regular contribution.
- Switching funds in a SIPP.
By 6 April 2016 all funds will be converted into clean class anyway, and commission payments will cease. Not long now.
Take it steady,
- Ongoing charge figures.
- Bar leeway of £1 a month per fund so platforms can run promotions and the like.
- From end of May. Full details of charges are yet to be finalised.